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Cairo

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Cairo''' ( ; ) is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Middle-East and Africa. Its Greater Cairo is the List of metropolitan areas by population. Located near the Nile Delta, it was founded in CE 969. Nicknamed "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a center of the region's political and cultural life. Cairo was founded by the Fatimids in the 10th century CE, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo is also associated with Ancient Egypt as it is close to the ancient cities of Memphis, Egypt, Giza and Fustat which are near the Great Sphinx of Giza and the Giza Necropolis.

Egyptians today often refer to Cairo as (, ), the Egyptian Arabic pronunciation of the name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the city's continued role in Egyptian influence. Its official name is ', means literally "the Vanquisher" or "the Conqueror"; , sometimes it is informally also referred to as ' .Good News for MeIt is also called Umm al-Dunya, meaning "the mother of the world".

Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, al-Azhar University. Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city; the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.

With a population of 6.76 million. Adjusted census result, as Helwan governorate was created on 17 April 2008 from a.o. parts of the Cairo governorate. spread over , Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. With an additional 10 million inhabitants just outside the city, Cairo resides at the center of the List of metropolitan areas in Africa by population and the Arab World as well as the List of urban areas by population. Cairo, like many other mega-cities, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic. Cairo Metro—one of only two List of metro systems on the African continent (the other the Algiers Metro)—ranks among the fifteen busiest in the world,http://www.meed.com/supplements/2012/tunnelling/cairos-third-metro-line-beats-challenges/3134558.article with over 1 billion annual passenger rides. The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East and 43rd globally by Foreign Policy's 2010 global city.

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