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France (British English: ; American English: ; French language: ), officially the French Republic (French language: ), is a sovereign country in Western Europe that includes Overseas departments and territories of France. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of only three countries (with Morocco and Spain) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. Due to its shape, it is often referred to in French as ("The Hexagon").

France is the largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the third-largest in Europe as a whole. With a total population of around 67 million, it is the List of European countries by population European country. France is a Unitary state Semi-presidential system republic with its Capital city in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial centre.

France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages. It possessed the French colonial empire during the 19th and early 20th centuries.. Throughout its long history, France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains prominent global centre of culture. It hosts the world's List of World Heritage Sites in France number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites, drawing around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world.

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