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Kiev

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Kiev () or Kyiv ( ) is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population as of July 2013 was (though higher estimated numbers have been cited in the press),The most recent Ukrainian Census (2001), conducted on 5 December 2001, gave the population of Kiev as 2 611 300 (http://ukrcensus.gov.ua/eng/regions/reg_mkyiv/ Web address accessed on 4 August 2007). Estimates based on the amount of bakery products sold in the city (thus including temporary visitors and commuters) suggest a minimum of 3.5 million. "http://www.korrespondent.net/main/194785", Korrespondent, 15 June 2005 making Kiev at least Largest cities in Europe.

Kiev is an important industrial, science, educational, and culture centre of Eastern Europe. It is home to many High tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks. The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including the Kiev Metro.

The city's name is said to derive from the name of Kyi, Schek and Khoryv, one of its four legendary founders (see Kiev#Etymology, below). During History of Kiev, Kiev, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, passed through several stages of great prominence and relative obscurity. The city probably existed as a commercial centre as early as the 5th century. A Slavs settlement on the great trade route between Scandinavia and Constantinople, Kiev was a tributary of the Khazars,http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/kiev until seized by the Varangians (Vikings) in the mid-9th century. Under Varangian rule, the city became a capital of the Kievan Rus', the first East Slavs state. Completely destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Rus' in 1240, the city lost most of its influence for the centuries to come. It was a provincial capital of marginal importance in the outskirts of the territories controlled by its powerful neighbours; first the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, followed by Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and Russian Empire.

The city prospered again during the Russian Empire's Industrial Revolution in the late 19th century. In 1917, after the Ukrainian National Republic declared independence from the Russian Empire, Kiev became its capital. From 1921 onwards Kiev was an important city of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and, from 1934, its capital. During Eastern Front (World War II), the city again suffered significant damage, but quickly recovered in the post-war years, remaining the third largest city of the Soviet Union.

Following the Collapse of the Soviet Union (1985–1991) and History of Ukraine in 1991, Kiev remained the capital of Ukraine and experienced a steady migration influx of ethnic Ukrainians from other regions of the country.

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